thistle flower medicinal uses

Regardless of its rich cultural history, the plant has usage in home remedies and self-help medicine. Woolly thistle is a little bit more selective in its choice of soil and setting, preferring calcareous ground. The Eclectics, a school of medical herbalists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, used milk thistle to treat varicose veins and various pelvic congestions, including those linked to menstruation and to the liver, spleen, and kidneys. Leaves are basal, clustering around the stems. The flowering stems are usually covered with sharp spines, intermixed with the woolly hair. Startled screams of pain and shock alerted the gallant defenders, and a great battle began. It is said to have obtained its name from its high reputation as a heal-all, being supposed even to cure the plague. From the same young leaves, you can make a stimulating tea. See also "names and medicinal uses" below. How to identify the plant. The flower buds and flower heads are edible as well, and they are often eaten like artichokes since it has a similar taste. The fruit is hard-skinned, brown, spotted, and shiny. The name of the genus is derived from the Greek words onos (an ass) and perdon (I disperse wind), the species being said to produce this effect in asses. The root powder was often mixed with water and used as a douche to prevent uterine bleeding after childbirth. It is a perennial, growing from 1 to 3 feet high, with hollow thick, branched stems full of milky juice, and thin, oblong leaves, more or less cut into (pinnatifid) with irregular, prickly teeth on the margins. It’s perhaps one of the easiest plants to identify. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. We use cookies, just to track visits to our website, we don't store personal details. People use the flowering tops, leaves, and upper stems to make medicine. SURVIVOPEDIA helps people regain their peace of mind – by becoming more self-reliant and self sufficient in all aspects of life: from putting food on the table, to keeping your loved one safe, and staying in good health. It is a biennial, the stem stout, erect, furrowed, 1 to 5 feet high, scarcely branched at all, the branches, when occurring, being much shorter than the main stem, which is narrowly winged, the wings having numerous, long slender spines. On the flowerheads are long sharp spines, 1/2 inch to 1 inch long. Historically, the plant was credited with saving lives during famines and times of scarcity. The next time you see thistles, don’t think of how to get rid of the plants, but rather how you can use them to your advantage. The root is spindle-shaped with tuberous fibres; stem 2 feet high, single, erect, round hairy, leafless above; leaves not decurrent, deeply pinnatifid, fringed with minute prickles; heads generally solitary, large, egg-shaped; florets crimson. ---Cultivation---Being an annual, Blessed Thistle is propagated by seed. They were sometimes baked in pies. Thistles saved Emperor Charlemagne from defeat. Latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. The swollen area at the flower base is covered in thinner spines than milk thistle. ---Medicinal Action and Uses---The Ancients supposed this Thistle to be a specific in cancerous complaints, and in more modern times the juice is said to have been applied with good effect to cancers and ulcers. This amazing plant has contributed to the lifestyle and to the livelihood of the native people who utilize it in their everyday living. The flowers, of course look like thistle flowers and i’m darned if i can tell the different species apart. A decoction of the whole plant has been used both internally and externally to treat bleeding piles. Medicinal Use. Sonchus oleraceus has short taproot and deeply lobed leaves. How to grow milk thistle from seed. The whole plant is pale green, the leaves rigid and scarcely altering after the plant is dead, except in colour. Serra da Estrela " is not only the name of a mountain chain in this country, " Serra da Estrela " is also the name of one of the … The swollen area at the flower base is covered in thinner spines than milk thistle. The flowers are red-purple. ---Description---It is a biennial, flowering in late summer and autumn. The Scotch Thistle, or Cotton Thistle (Onopordon Acanthium) is one of the most beautiful of British plants, not uncommon in England, by roadsides and in waste places, particularly in chalky and sandy soils in the southern counties. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. The flowers are light purple and surrounded with a nearly globular involucre, with scales terminating in strong, yellow spines. The leaves have the segments elongated or lanceshaped, palmately cleft sometimes in large plants, but short and scarcely cleft at all in weaker specimens, each lobe terminating in a long and acute prickle. The stem is elongated, branched, not winged, short and furrowed, woolly, 3 to 5 feet high. of dry herb can be raised per acre. Cirsium vulgare is a BIENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in) at a fast rate. ---Chemical Constituents---Blessed Thistle contains a volatile oil, and a bitter, crystallineneutral body called Cnicin (soluble in alcohol and slightly also in water) which is said to be analogous to salicin in its properties. A decoction of the root is astringent and diminishes discharges from mucous membranes. A small plant, 12 to 18 inches high, with fibrous roots; a cottony stem, giving off runners; few leaves, mostly radical, soft, wavy, fringed with minute spines, not decurrent; and generally solitary heads, with adpressed, slightly cottony bracts and crimson florets. The Fish-bone Thistle (Chamaepeuce diacantha), from Syria, is also a very handsome plant. These are the germs that have caused so much misery, disease, and death, suffered by mankind since antiquity. Milk thistle has been used for thousands of years to treat various ailments, particularly liver problems. Th… In Portugal Thistle flowers are used in cheese making as a source of enzymes to coagulate the milk mostly used in the Beira region. " Their good health helped to turn the tide of battle to his favor. For over 2,000 years people around the world have enjoyed milk thistle in their diet. This is a common Thistle on a dry soil, and may be known by its large drooping, crimson-purple flowers, the largest of all our Thistle blooms, handsome both in form and colour, and by its faint, musky scent. The leaves were used to treat neuralgia, and the fresh flowers were chewed to cover the medicinal tastes. This prickly plant has some fame as the national flower of Scotland. The roots have been used as a poultice and a decoction of the plant used as a poultice on sore jaws. Many species of Centaurea grow wild in Palestine, some of formidable size. From that date until now, the Thistle has had a place on our coins. Flowers surrounded by large spines. The leaves clasp the stem at their bases and white dark green above, have their under-surfaces thickly covered with white and down like hairs. The Bull thistle also provides seeds to granivores (consumers of grains and seeds) such as goldfinches. Carlina vulgaris, the Carline Thistle, closely related to the last-named Thistles, but assigned to a special genus, of which it is the sole representative in this country, is found on dry banks and pastures, being rather scarce except on chalk, where it is plentiful. Flowers. Their edges have small bristle-like teeth. A Thistle, however, that has been cultivated for several centuries in this country for its medicinal use is known as the Blessed or Holy Thistle. An extract of the flowers is very effective upon yaws, a sexually transmitted tropical infection. The down of this, as of some other species, may be advantageously used as a material in making paper. Herbalists are well aware of the plant’s medicinal properties, and homeopathic medical practitioners state it has the following properties: astringent, cooling, sharp-tasting, diuretic, hemostatic, and anti-inflammatory. The different species are all edible and have similar uses. This is not just folklore medicine, and modern research has incorporated the thistle leaf extracts into experimental medicine and has shown positive results in the treatment of inflammations, sclerosis, tumors, leprosy, and cancer. The plant was widely cultivated during the Middle Ages in Europe and was used in many herbal formulations of the period.Blumenthal 2000 Its medicinal use as a healing herb was mentioned by Shakespeare in his play Much Ado About Nothing.Shakespeare 1914 It was thought to be useful against the bubonic plague; however, its main uses were for treatment of digestive complaints, gout, fever, and headache.Duke 2002, Khan 2009 Blessed thistle was also recommended as an emmenagogue and gala… Thistle is the common name of a group of flowering plants characterised by leaves with sharp prickles on the margins, mostly in the family Asteraceae.Prickles can also occur all over the plant – on the stem and on the flat parts of the leaves. Each milk thistle flower contains dozens of seeds, which soon fall from the plant as the flower head matures, dries, and begins to turn brown. Bull thistle flower heads are purple and measure 3.5 to 5 cm in diameter, 2.5 to 5 cm long and are usually solitary. Milk thistle is commonly used as a home remedy to treat liver problems, often under the presumption that it will "detoxify" the liver. The MEADOW PLUME THISTLE (C. pratensis). ---Medicinal Action and Uses---Tonic, stimulant, diaphoretic, emetic and emmenagogue. Most animals will nibble on thistles but only rarely will an animal eat the whole plant. Welted thistle can be found all over the UK, especially loving clay soils. Musk Thistle Uses. The bull thistle plant was used by early humans as a warm medicinal tea. Canon Tristram mentions some in Galilee through which it was impossible to make way till the plants had been beaten down. The thistle is an invasive species that spreads rapidly in disturbed soil and compete with cash and food crops for space, water, and nutrients in the soil. The stems are tall and stout, often deeply furrowed, and more or less covered with a white or cotton-like down. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum), a member of the Asteraceae family, is a therapeutic herb with a 2000-year history of use in traditional Chinese, European, and Ayurvedic medicine.Originally native to Southern Europe, Asia Minor, and the Mediterranean region, the plant now grows wild throughout the world. It has a weak antitumour action. Doctors used it to induce vomiting in patients as well. The flowers are dark, dull, crimson purple, small in themselves, but grouped together in large clusters, which distinguish it from most of our thistles, though one or two others exhibit their characteristic in a lesser degree. ), 'therefore I counsell all that have Gardens to nourish it, that they may have it always to their own use, and the use of their neighbours that lacke it.'. I’ve seen hikers remove the spines of the leaves using scissors and toss them in salads or cook them as vegetables. The plant is bright green, the leaves often white beneath, but varying much in this respect. See also "names and medicinal uses" below. Singularly or in patches, the plant prefers dry rocky or moist sandy soils of forest clearings, swamps, pastures, meadows, open fields, roadsides, railway roadbeds, and you will also find it along the banks of streams and rivers. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a perennial herb believed to have medicinal properties. The stem in the ordinary form is so short that the flowers appear to be sessile, or sitting, in the centre of the rosette of prickly leaves, but very occasionally it attains the length of a foot or 18 inches, and then is usually slightly branched. all thistles or just this one, unnamed thistle? ---Medicinal Action and Uses---The seeds used to be made into powder and drunk in wine as a remedy for stone, and the powdered root was considered a cure for fistula and gravel. An oil obtained from the seed is used as a fuel for lamps. The standard English name in its native area is creeping thistle. SOW THISTLE (no listing). In ancient times, it was a revered plant, and it was sacred to those believing in mythology. This striking plant, crowned with its golden flowers, is abundant throughout Sicily. Flower buds - cooked. Same type of content with added weirdness. Unlike most of the Thistles, the leaves are not continued down the stem at all, and are much simpler in form than the ordinary type of Thistle foliage. Sonchus oleraceushas hollow stems that exude latex, if damaged. Just about all parts of the plant have been used as food with no reports of toxicity. If the seed is in short supply then it can be sown in a pot in the greenhouse in the spring. There are clusters of them that grow at the ends of shoots and branches. The flower buds and flower heads are edible as well, and they are often eaten like artichokes since it has a similar taste. Chamomile are commonly used to make herb with medicinal uses. The lower leaves are deeply cut into, the upper ones narrow and with entire margins. The Bull thistle also provides seeds to granivores (consumers of grains and seeds) such as goldfinches. Even more, the roots were often dried and grounded into flour that was used as an extender in soups or stews. Beyond its use as a water source, thistle is well known for its ability to treat swelling of joints and tendons. It was thought to be a tonic and a stimulant. It gained popularity in the Dark Ages as a remedy for various infectious diseases. Thistles will soon monopolize a large extent of country to the extinction of other plants, as they have done in parts of the American prairies, in Canada and British Columbia, and as they did in Australia, till a stringent Act of Parliament was passed, about twenty years ago, imposing heavy penalties upon all who neglected to destroy Thistles on their land, every man being now compelled to root out, within fourteen days, any Thistle that may lift up its head, Government inspectors being specially appointed to carry out the enforcement of the law. The root is anthelmintic, galactogogue, skin poultice on sore jaws or infected tongue curled hairs then..., unnamed thistle being supposed to flower about St. Barnabas ' day, can! 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Oxidative Stress and Diabetes veranda is not only refreshing, but they are.! Reddish curled hairs, Cirsium vulgare, is a perennial herb believed to have proved beneficial in cases cancer! Dried flowers are light reddish-purple, the plant used as species in cooking and its oil is used an! Woody root-stock good source of antioxidants like vitamin C. Chamomile three or together... Globe thistle: the stem is elongated, branched, continuously spinous-winged throughout, benzene, perennial...

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